Liaqat Khurshid, Asadullah Khan, Salim Hassan, Adil Naseer Khan
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




2491



ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the efficacy of carvedilol and propranolol to prevent reoccurrence of esophageal variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis. Study Design: Place and Duration: Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Ayub Teaching Hospital, Abbottabad, Pakistan for six months duration from 15th November 2020 to 15th May 2021. Methods: Total one hundred and forty patients of ages between 18-65 years were presented in this study. Patients detailed demographics age, sex, body mass index and Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) class were recorded after taking written informed consent. Patients were equally (n=70) divided into two groups. Group A had 70 patients and received carvedilol while group B had 70 patients and received propranolol for 6 months. Reoccurrence ofesophageal variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients among both groups were observed at 2nd, 4th and 6th months and patients pulse rate, arterial pressure and portal vein flow were recorded at these time points. Complete data was analyzed by SPSS 26.0 version. Results: Mean age of the patients in group A was 40.38 ± 5.87 years with mean BMI 28.09 ± 7.33 kg/m2 and in group B mean age was 39.43 ± 12.69 years with mean BMI 27.53 ± 8.84 kg/m2. In group A 45 (64.3%) patients were males and 25 (35.7%) were female patients while in group B 50 (71.43%) were male patients and 20 (28.7%) patients were females. We found that there was no statistically significant difference observed among both groups regarding these demographic variables. Reoccurrence of bleeding observed in group A was significantly lower (among 20 (28.6%) cases) as compared to group B (among 36 (51.43%) cases). Pulse rate, mean arterial pressure and portal vein flow was found lower in the carvedilol group as compared to propanol group with p value < 0.05 upon follow up at2,4 and 6 months. Conclusion: We found in this study that the drug carvedilol was more effective and safe to prevent reoccurrence of esophageal variceal bleeding in cirrhotic patients as compared to propanol. Keywords: Cirrhotic patients, Carvedilol, Propanol, Portal vein flow, Mean arterial pressure



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