Objective: To determine the complications of laparoscopic cholecystectomy in patients of acute cholecystitis.
Study Design: Prospective study.
Place & Duration: Department of Surgery, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar for duration of six months from January 2020 to June 2020.
Methods: Total 120 patients of both genders with ages 20 to 60 years were included in this study. Patients’ detailed demographics were recorded after taking written consent. Patients with history of abdominal surgery were excluded. All the patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gall bladder diseases. Post-operative pain was analyzed by VAS. Complications were recorded at 5th postoperative day. Data was analyzed by SPSS 24.0.
Results: Out of 120 patients 30 (25%) patients were males and 75% patients were females. Most of the patients 50 (41.67%) were in the age group 31 to 40 years followed by 37 (30.83%) patients were ages between 41 to 50 years. 70 (58.33%) patients had surgical size port incision was 5mm and 50 (41.67%) patients had 10mm. Mean pain score was 2.24+1.1 at 5th postoperative day. Wound infection was found in 10 (8.33%). Port site hernia was found in 12 (10%).
Conclusion: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and effective treatment procedure with no major complications.
Keywords: Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy, Acute Cholecystitis, Wound Infection, Port Site Hernia, Pain