Muhammad Yousaf, Shahid Khan Afridi, Gul Sharif, Wasim Ahmad, Shoaib Muhammad, Tanveer Sadiq Ch
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences

Compare Laparoscopic and Open Appendectomy in Terms of Surgical Site Infection

Muhammad Yousaf, Shahid Khan Afridi, Gul Sharif, Wasim Ahmad, Shoaib Muhammad, Tanveer Sadiq Ch



Aim: The aim of this study is to compare the outcomes between laparoscopic and open appendectomy in terms of surgical site infection.

Study Design: Prospective/ Observational

Place & Duration: Department of Surgery, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar for duration of six months from January 2021 to June 2021.

Methods: In this study 200 patients of both genders with ages >10 years presented with acute appendicitis were included. Patients’ demographics including age, sex and body mass index were recorded after written consent. Patients were equally divided into two groups. Group I consist of 100 patients and received laparoscopic appendectomy and Group II with 100 patients received open appendectomy. Outcomes such as surgical site infection, hospital stay and time duration of procedure were examined and compare the results between both groups. Data was analyzed by SPSS 26.0. P-value <0.05 was set as significant.

Results: There were 120 (60%) patients (60 Group I, 60 Group II) were males while 80 (40%) patients (40 Group I, 40 Group II) were females. Mean age in group I was 27.9+4.45 years and in group II mean age was 28.5+4.21 years. Mean BMI in group I was 24.08+8.22 kg/m2 and in group II mean BMI was 25.03+6.17 kg/m2. There was a significant difference in term of surgery time duration between both groups 42.88+13.75 minutes Vs 33.35+9.55 minutes; P=0.003.Hospital stay was greater in group II 6.03+3.12 days as compared to group I 4.07+6.13 days. Post operatively less SSI was found among laparoscopic group 6 (6%) in which 4% had superficial SSI and 2% had deep SSI as compared to group II 12 (12%) SSI was found among in which 8% had superficial SSI and 4% had deep SSI.

Conclusion: We concluded in this study that laparoscopic appendectomy is better in terms of less hospital stay with less surgical site infection as compared to open appendectomy. We found that less operative time was observed in open appendectomy as compared to laparoscopic.

Keywords: Appendectomy, Outcomes, Laparoscopic, Open, Acute appendicitis

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