Background: The outbreak of COVID-19 in Pakistan started from February 2020 and over the next few months it affected around a million people, leaving thousands dead in an already burdened healthcare infrastructure. Rising to the challenge of COVID 19 airway management, we adopted components of ‘Consensus guidelines for managing airways in patients with COVID 19 to improve success of first pass intubation alongwith minimising risk of infection to self and others.
Aim: To analyse the techniques of airway management and complications of suspected or confirmed COVID status at time of their airway management.
Methodology: After ethical approval by the institutional review board, data is collected from the Hospital Information System (HIS) for cases fulfilling inclusion criteria, from April to September 2020 in a tertiary care cancer hospital, Pakistan.
Results: In our centre, forty-five intubations were performed, 71% of these intubations were out of hours and 43% performed by consultants. It had a high 1st attempt success rate of 84.4%, using Videolaryngoscope (64.4%) and 55.6% confirmed use of capnography. In all cases (100%) PPE was available and used. Minimum number of personnel in room during intubation was kept to four to five in 55.6% of cases.
Conclusion: Dedicated airway team used Personal Protective Equipment in all cases (100%) and restricted the number of personnel during the procedure. A high success rate of 1st attempt intubation, widely used videolaryngoscope, single agent induction and consultant intubators were salient features of our practice.
Keywords: Keywords: Airway, Covid 19, Intubation, Pakistan