S Aliza Z Bokhari, M. Irfan Fazal, Maha Naseem, M. Adnan Mumtaz, S. Mahum Z Bokhari, M ul Haq Farooqi, M Azhar Hassan
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




Peer Reviewed

Previous Published Issues


Incidence of Surgical Site Infection among Post C Section Women Presented in Surgical Emergency of tertiary care hospital

S Aliza Z Bokhari, M. Irfan Fazal, Maha Naseem, M. Adnan Mumtaz, S. Mahum Z Bokhari, M ul Haq Farooqi, M Azhar Hassan



1836



ABSTRACT

Aim: To rule out incidence and risk factors that are associated with infection at site of surgery after cesarean section.

Method: A type of retrospective study was conducted on 100 women who underwent cesarean delivery procedures within a period of 8 month from September 2020 to April 2021 and presented in surgical emergency at Mayo Hospital Lahore. The socioeconomic, demographic and clinical parameters of patients were collected by a questionnaire form. A program known as SPSS version 20 was used for analysis of data that is collected in study.

Result: After analyzing the data following factors are identified that causes surgical site infection: Higher BMI (more than 30kg/m2), loss of blood during cesarean section(more than 500mL), poor hygienic care after cesarean section, poor socioeconomic status leads to malnutrition of patient and that leads to poor wound healing and surgical site infection. Lack of education is also a key factor in SSIs. Cesarean done in emergency under improper aseptic conditions also promote SSIs. All these factors are associated with incidence of SSI.

Conclusion: SSIS are conventional among women presented in surgical emergency of Mayo Hospital Lahore within 30 days of cesarean section. Management of risk factors causing SSIs in women after cesarean section may decrease the incidence of such infections.

Keywords: Cesarean section, risk factors, infection at surgery site.



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