Namra Adnan, Syeda Khadija Tul Sughra Murrium, S. Yousaf Farooq, Syed Amir Gilani
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




Peer Reviewed

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Sonographic Abnormalities of Thyroid Gland in pre and post-menopausal women

Namra Adnan, Syeda Khadija Tul Sughra Murrium, S. Yousaf Farooq, Syed Amir Gilani



1781



ABSTRACT

Background: Women that are over 50 years are usually diagnosed by thyroid disorders.

The prevalence of Thyroiditis, thyroid cancer, found more under postmenopausal women than premenopausal. In the postmenopausal phase the prevalence of biochemical (or subclinical) hypothyroidism rising from 10% to 20%, or increases steadily with age in women. The study results show an enlargement in the activities of Thyroid stimulating hormone among menopausal women.

Aim: To compare the sonographic findings of thyroid gland in before and after-menopausal women.

Method: An Analysis of scientific literature concerning the correlation of Sonographic abnormalities of thyroid gland in pre and post-menopausal women was done. Different platforms including medical journals, books and online resources (e.g., PubMed, Google Scholar & Medline) were explored to find the relevant data using the mesh Terms: Thyroid gland, premenopausal and postmenopausal women, etc. The main focus was given to the latest data published in the last 10 years.

Key words: Thyroid gland, premenopausal and postmenopausal women



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