Compare the Frequency of Depression and Anxiety in Patients with COVID-19 and Non-COVID Patients
Zainullah Khan, Muammad Umar Marri, Ali Ahsan Mufti, Zarmina Tareen, Ghulam Rasool
Aim: To determine the frequency of depression and anxiety among COVID-19 patients and without COVID-19.
Study design: Cross-sectional
Place and duration of study: Department of Psychiatry Balochistan Institute of Psychiatry & Behavioural Sciences, Quetta from 1st April 2020 to 30th November 2020.
Methodology: Two hundred and forty patients of both genders were presented in this study. Patients detailed demographics age, gender and body mass index were recorded after taking written consent. Patients aged between 15-60 years of age. Patients were equally divided into two groups. Group A had 120 patients of COVID 19 and group B was without COVID-19. Prevalence of depression and anxiety were measured among both groups.
Results: Mean age of the patients in group A was 25.96 ±6.22 years with mean BMI 24.14±3.43 kg/m2 and in group B was 26.96±7.22 years with mean BMI 23.14±3.34 kg/m2. The frequency of anxiety in group A was 35% and in group B was observed 18.33%.
Conclusion: The frequency of anxiety and depression among the COVID-19 patients was frequently high as compared to non-COVID 19.
Keywords: COVID-19, Anxiety, Depression, Illness