Prevalence of Urgency and Urge Incontinence in Elderly Male and Female Population
Hameed-ur-RahmanBozdar, Sabahat Fatima, Innayatullah Memon, M Imran Memon, W S Bhatti, N K Bhatti
Aim: To determine the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its associated factors in elderly individuals.
Study design: Prospective cross-sectional study
Place and duration of study: Department of Urology and Department Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Khairpur Medical College, Khairpur Mirs from 1st December 2014 to 31st December 2016.
Methodology: Three hundred and ten elderly patients aged 60 years and above of either gender attending outpatient department (OPD) were consecutively enrolled. The presence of urinary urgency and urge incontinence was assessed. Those individuals who reported leakage, severity of the urinary incontinence were assessed.
Results: The frequency of urinary urgency and urge incontinence in 74 (23.9%) patients. Among patients who have incontinence, 35 (47.3%) reported occasional urinary leakage while 39 (52.7%) reported frequent urinary leakage. The odds of urinary incontinence were 2 times significantly higher among females as compared to males (OR 2.06, 95% CI 1.01-4.17), The odds of urinary incontinence were 4 times significantly higher among urban residents as compared to rural residents (OR 4.67, 95% CI 2.41-9.04). The odds of urinary incontinence were 4 times significantly higher among individuals with comoribiditities as compared to non-comorbid individuals.
Conclusion: Urinary incontinence was observed in considerable number of elderly populations and large populations of the individuals with urinary incontinence were females.
Keywords: Urinary incontinence, Urgency, Urge incontinence, Elderly, Gender, Epidemiology