M ZainUl Abidin, Saima Arshad, Sajid Malik, Syed Yousaf Farooq, Farhat Abbas, K Mehmood, M Rehmat
Aim: To determine the frequency of aortic valve calcification detected on computed tomography.
Place and duration of study: Punjab Institute of Cardiology Lahore from 1ST August 2019 to 31st November 2020
Methods: A descriptive study was conducted at Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore. Data of 61 participants were selected through convenient sampling technique. SPSS version 21.0 was used for data analysis.
Results: Analysis of data showed that study comprising 50 males (82%) and 11 females (18%). Out 61 patients, 9 patients (14.8%) had mild aortic calcification, 19 patients (31.1%) had moderate aortic and 25 patients (41%) had sever aortic calcification.Total number of 61 patients, in which 38 (07 females and 31 males) patients (62.3%) had diabetes mellitus and 10 (02 females and 08 males) patients (16.4%) had hypertension. Total number of 61 patients in which, 50 (82%) patients had no plaque in coronary artery vessels, 07 patients (11.5%) had plaque in single vessels, 01 patient (1.6%) had plaque in two vessels and 03 patients (4.9%) had plaque in three vessels of their coronary arteries.
Conclusions: Frequency of aortic calcification was concluded in coronary arteries by multislice computed tomography . It concluded from our study that out of total patients referred for screening purpose out 61 patients 9 patients (14.8%) had mild aortic calcification, 19 patients (31.1%) had moderate aortic and 25 patients (41.0%) had sever aortic calcification. Findings of our study revealed that patients with HTN and diabetes were also more often males and the frequency of people with diabetes was greater than hypertensive people. In our population males were at more risk than females to develop aortic calcification in future.
Keywords: Aortic valves calcification, Computed Tomography.