Job Safety Risk Assessment in the Printing Industry using Job Safety Analysis method and offering control recommendations
Esmail Badoozadeh1, Maryam Feiz Arefi2, Amin Babaei-Pouya
Background: Nowadays, one of the most important problems in various industries is work-related accidents that put a lot of costs on the industry.
Aim: To assess the risk of duties of employees of a printing house by occupational safety analysis method (JSA) also, to provide appropriate control solutions.
Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in one of the printing industries in Iran in 2020. Information was collected in the JSA checklist through visits, observations, and interviews with staff. Then the stages of the work were determined, and the existing or potential hazards (ergonomic, electric, chemical, and mechanical) related to each stage were identified and determined. The risk level of each activity was determined according to the MIL-STD-882E standard.
Results: In these eight stages, twenty-three risks were identified, of which ten risks were undesirable, and eleven risks were acceptable with the need for revision. Also, two risks were acceptable while no revision was required for it. The stage of transporting cargo to the warehouse with four hazards was the highest. Besides stapling and working with the sewing machine, each with two hazards gained the lowest number of hazards in risk assessment.
Conclusion: The main hazards identified in this study are mechanical hazards that teaching ergonomic principles to individuals, using the safety and ribbed shoes, carrying two people, and observing the principles of manual handling can be useful to reduce or control these types of hazards.
Keywords: Job Safety Analysis, Hazard, Safety, Accident