Objective: To determine the outcomes
in term of early postoperative complications of elective tracheostomy and
compare with emergency tracheostomy.
Study Design: Comparative/Observational
Place and Duration of
was conducted at ENT department of MTI, Khyber teaching hospital, Peshawar for
duration of one year, from 1st December, 2018 to 30th
Materials and Methods: Total seventy four patients
were presented in this study. Patients were aged between 15-65 years. Patients
detailed demographics age, sex and BMI were recorded after taking proper
consent. Patients were equally divided into two groups. Group A (n=37) received
emergency tracheostomy and group B received elective tracheostomy. After
surgery outcomes/complications weremeasured in term of frequency and
percentages. Complete data was analyzed by SPSS 24.0 version.
Results:Out of 74 patients, 25
(33.8%) patients were females and 49 (66.22%) patients were males. Mean age of
the patients was 42.56±13.78 years in group A and 41.66±14.98 years .Frequency
of complications were high 21 (56.8%) in group A as compared to group B 7
(21.62%) postoperatively with p-value <0.05. Bleeding was the most common
complication observed among 10 (27.02%) patients in group A and 4 (10.81%)
patients in group B.
Conclusion:It is concluded that early
postoperative complications were high in patients whom were received emergency
tracheostomy than elective tracheostomy.
Elective tracheostomy, Early complications