Sakhawat Khan, Mubasharullah Jan, Mohammed Habib, Ejaz Ahmed, Muhammad Tayyab Rasheed, Tahir Muhammad
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




Peer Reviewed

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Compare Postoperative Outcomes Of Elective Tracheostomy With Emergency Tracheostomy

Sakhawat Khan, Mubasharullah Jan, Mohammed Habib, Ejaz Ahmed, Muhammad Tayyab Rasheed, Tahir Muhammad



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Abstract

Objective: To determine the outcomes in term of early postoperative complications of elective tracheostomy and compare with emergency tracheostomy.

Study Design: Comparative/Observational

Place and Duration of Study:Study was conducted at ENT department of MTI, Khyber teaching hospital, Peshawar for duration of one year, from 1st December, 2018 to 30th November, 2019.

Materials and Methods: Total seventy four patients were presented in this study. Patients were aged between 15-65 years. Patients detailed demographics age, sex and BMI were recorded after taking proper consent. Patients were equally divided into two groups. Group A (n=37) received emergency tracheostomy and group B received elective tracheostomy. After surgery outcomes/complications weremeasured in term of frequency and percentages. Complete data was analyzed by SPSS 24.0 version.

Results:Out of 74 patients, 25 (33.8%) patients were females and 49 (66.22%) patients were males. Mean age of the patients was 42.56±13.78 years in group A and 41.66±14.98 years .Frequency of complications were high 21 (56.8%) in group A as compared to group B 7 (21.62%) postoperatively with p-value <0.05. Bleeding was the most common complication observed among 10 (27.02%) patients in group A and 4 (10.81%) patients in group B.

Conclusion:It is concluded that early postoperative complications were high in patients whom were received emergency tracheostomy than elective tracheostomy.

Keywords:Emergency tracheostomy, Elective tracheostomy, Early complications



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