Effects of Carbonated Drinks on Bone Health of Young Adults: a study amongst students of Health University
Afshan Mehmood, Tehseen Fatima Zeb, Rafat Amin, Hira Fatima Waseem, Fatima Anjum, Anum Mahmood, A Shaikh
Background: The concerns with altered metabolic status including the increasing incidence of deteriorating bone health and musculoskeletal pain are being reported frequently throughout the world. Bone health is most commonly associated with lower levels of vitamin D. However, the recent data reports an influential role of carbonated beverage consumption on bone health of its consumers.
Aim: To find the association of carbonated drink consumption on bone health.
Methodology: The survey based study was conducted amongst the students of Health University of Karachi, Pakistan. A questionnaire was structured to evaluate the frequency and preferences of carbonated drink consumption. The consumers were also questioned about their metabolic health, life style, dietary habits, socioeconomic status and Vitamin D and calcium levels. Data was analyzed using SPSS version.
Results: The study reports a positive association of musculoskeletal pain with carbonated drink intake. Males have a higher preference for carbonated beverages as compared to females. In the study participants, a weaker association between carbonated drinks and BMI was reported.
Conclusion: The findings of the present study claim that consumption of carbonated beverages induces a negative effect on the bone health of the consumers and an effort needs to be made to increase awareness regarding the damages induced by this dietary practice.
Keywords: BMI, Bone health, Carbonated Drinks, Dietary choices, Musculoskeletal pain