Prevalence and Assessment of Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder in School Going Children in Swat
Hussain Ali, Ashfaq Hussain, Sami Ul Haq, Jalil Ahmad Khan
Aim: To assess the frequency of gender ratio and the related psychosocial factors among the school going children of ADHD in Swat. Methods:This cross-sectional study was done using a non-probability convenient sampling technique at the psychiatry department of Saidu Medical College, Swat, from July 2019 to December 2019. The sample size was 553. Children from grade 1 to 5 studying in schools and living in Swat's residential area were included. All children whose parents refused to participate in the study were excluded. All children were accessed through their teachers and parents. The behavior rate scale questionnaire was filled to grade the tendency of ADHD.
Results: Of the total 553 respondents, the suspected children were 131. Out of those 131 children, 111 had a score of 20-29 on the behavior rating scale, and 20 had a score of 30 and onwards. On the basis of gender, there were 89 males out of 319 total males (27.8%), and there were 42 females out of a total of 234 females (17.9%) who were screened out. This made a total of 131 students who were screened from 553 students making up 23.6% of students who showed a strong tendency towards ADHD.
Conclusion: Children with ADHD are frequently encountered in the primary care setting. They should be diagnosed by primary care providers based on procedures supported by evidence from empirical investigations. Clinics should use ADHD-specific rating scales completed by caregivers and teachers in their efforts to identify highly suspected children for ADHD.
Keywords: Attention deficit hyperactive disorder, behavior of the child, psychiatry