Aim: To find out the prevalence and pattern of
refractive error in children
Study Design: Descriptive study.
Place and duration of study:
Department of Ophthalmology
& Department of Pediatric, Niazi Medical and Dental College Sargodha from 1st
January 2018 to 31st December 2019.
Methodology: All the children come in the OPD for
refraction or referred from Pediatric Department due to decrease of vision were
included and comprised 250 children. All children were examined by the
optometrist and ophthalmologist. Objective and subjective refraction were
performed and relevant data was recorded by the optometrist.
Results: There were 175(70%) females and 75(30%) were
males. The major refractive errors were myopia 40% and astigmatism 16% above
age of 5 years and <5 years, hypermetropia 24% was dominant finding. A
significant number of children also suffer from malnutrition and present as a
migraine (25%), blurring of vision (30%) and asthenopic symptoms (50%).
Amblyopia was also seen. It was also challenging problem and parents and
children were counsel about it and treat it.
Conclusion: An increased prevalence was seen particularly
myopia and astigmatism.
Keywords: Myopia, Hypermetropia, Astigmatism, Asthenopia