Background: In December of last year, Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) was first
identified in Wuhan ,China. The disease is likely to have
serious consequences, especially for the physical and mental health of
investigate the fear of coronavirus spreading and the feeling created after seeing
a foreign tourist in Yazd is located in the center of Iran.
Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in February 2020 in the city of
Yazd (before and afterstart the epidemic of COVID-19 in IR.Subjects were
entered this research by convenience sampling method. Data gathering tool was a
checklist and collected data were entered into IBM SPSS Statistics 18 software
and analyzed with descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and
Results: A total of 399 subjects were examined. The results of this study showed
that the fear of the disease in before period was 40.1% and was significantly
increased up to 84.5% during after period (P value <0.001). Also, the fear
and stigma caused by seeing a foreign tourist was significantly higher in after
period compared to the before period (P value <0.001).
Conclusion:The results of this study showed that fear of COVID-19 among people had
been doubled after the official report of the first case of Iran. Meanwhile,
the fear due to seeing foreign tourists had been higher in after start epidemic
in IR than before start epidemic. Therefore, it is recommended that educational
and prevention programs should be developed to control fear in individuals.
Keywords: COVID 19, Coronavirus, Fear, Yazd