Aim: To determine the frequency of road traffic accidents among the alcohol
Study Design: Retrospective study
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Forensic Medicine& Toxicology, Peoples University of
Medical and Health Sciences, Nawabshah, Shaheed Benazirabad from 1stJanuary
2014 to 31stDecember 2017.
Methodology: Two hundred and seventy four samples were collected from Emergency Department, Peoples Medical
College Hospital, Nawabshah, Shaheed Benazirabad. Drivers injured following the
incident were selected for inclusion in study. After complete examination and
evaluation of injuries patients underwent routine baseline investigations along
with X-rays, ultrasound and toxicologic screening.
Results: There were 189(69%)
males and 85(31%) females. Thirty two(11.6%) patients died among which
21(65.6%) were males and 11(34.3) were females. Forty one (15%) patients tested
positive for alcohol intoxication detected at blood toxicology screen on
admission to emergency department. Of 32 patients who died, 18 (56%) were
Conclusion: Alcohol impairs driving and decision taking ability leading to fatal and
non-fatal road traffic injuries. The high taxes on alcoholic beverages and low
legal blood alcohol levels are helpful in many countries to prevent the
incidence of alcohol induced fatal and non-fatal road traffic accidents.