cancer is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in females. A number of
causes are there that contribute to the advanced stage of disease at
presentation but the lack of knowledge remains the foremost factor that
contributes to this. Furthermore, there is a lack of screening among general
population. Lack of knowledge and awareness about the causes and risk factors
of cervical cancer is leading to increase in incidence of cervical cancer day
by day. The target audience of this study were the local population of females
that comes in tertiary care hospital of the metropolitan city.
Methods: In this
study, 350 consecutive patients were included after informed consent. A
predesigned Questionnaire was utilized to evaluate the knowledge of
participants regarding cervical cancer. Data was entered and analyzed using
SPSS 17.0. Mean and standard deviation were calculated for age. Frequency and
percentage were calculated for parity and knowledge regarding cervical cancer.
mean age of participants was 43.34 ± 15.06 years. There were 192 (54.86%)
females of non-screened type and 158 (45.14%) females of screened type. There
were 98 (28.0%) females who had adequate knowledge about cervical cancer and
252 (72.0%) females were unaware or had poor knowledge of the disease. There
was insignificant difference observed among all females of different parity for
adequate knowledge (P>0.05). There was significant difference observed among
all females of different education level for adequate knowledge (P<0.05). There
was significant difference observed among all females of different SES class
for adequate knowledge (P<0.05).
Conclusions: This study concluded that only one fourth of the females are aware of
this problem and remaining are, either unaware or have a poor knowledge of
cervical cancer. Before embarking on cervical screening, there is immense need
to increase the public awareness by campaigns.
Keywords: Cervical cancer, knowledge, females, reproductive