Causes of Atrial Fibrillation, its awareness and medication use in patients presented to peripheral hospital
Asfandiyar, Ikramullah, Javaidullah, Matiullah Khan, MuhamnadJavid Khan, Mehmod-Ul-Hassan
Aim: To observe the etiological causes of atrial fibrillation in local population at Mansehra, Pakistan.
Study design: Descriptive cross-sectional study
Place & duration of study: DHQ Hospital Mansehra Pakistan from 1st March 2017 to 30th April 2018
Methods: Two hundred and fifty patients with atrial fibrillation were included in the study. Atrial fibrillation was diagnosed on 12 lead ECG, having irregularly irregular rhythm and no obvious P waves found.
Results: Majority of patients (160) were females. Hypertension was the major cause of atrial fibrillation afflicting 35 % patients while 25% patients had mitral valve disease, 20 % patients had heart failure and 10 % patients had thyroid disorder as the cause of atrial fibrillation.
Conclusion: Atrial fibrillation commonly occurs in female and above 50 years old population and hypertension and mitral valve diseases are commonest causes.
Keyword: Atrial fibrillation, Hypertension, Mitral valve