Evaluation of Childbirth Fear among Primigravida Women at Al-Elwea Maternity Hospital in Baghdad City
Fatima Fadel Benyian, Rabea Mohsen Ali
Labor and birth require a woman to use all the psychological and physical coping methods available. Fear of childbirth is a complex phenomenon that effected by many factors such as women’s demographic characteristics, and social support.
Aim: To evaluate women’s fear of childbirth and find out the association between women's fear and study variables.
Methods: Descriptive study of non-probability (purposive sample) was used to collect the data from (100) women. A pilot-test is conducted to determine the reliability of the questionnaire. Data were analyzed through the use of SPSS.
Results: The highest percentage (44%) of women’s age was (20-29) years, graduated from secondary school. The majority of women have planned pregnancies, about one-third of them in gestational age 32 weeks. More than two-thirds of them are preferred cesarean birth. They have a severe fear of childbirth. There are significant differences between women’s age, education, occupation, gestational age, delivery preference, and childbirth fear.
Conclusion: This study finds that primigravida women have severe childbirth fear, and there are significant differences between women's fear with the demographic and reproductive variables.
Keywords: Fear of Childbirth, Primigravida women, Pregnant women