Maimoona Zahid, M.Baqir Ali Khan, Tahir Nazeer, Amna Tahir, Shamila A Siddiqui, Liaqat Ali,, Usman Salamat
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




Peer Reviewed

Previous Published Issues


Comparison of the Frequency of Nausea and Vomiting With Dextrose Solution Versus Placebo Solution

Maimoona Zahid, M.Baqir Ali Khan, Tahir Nazeer, Amna Tahir, Shamila A Siddiqui, Liaqat Ali,, Usman Salamat



692



ABSTRACT

Background: Nausea and vomiting are stressful common complications of surgeries and causing dissatisfaction of patients.

Aim: To compare the dextrose solution (5% dextrose Ringer Lactate) with placebo (Ringer Lactate) for nausea and vomiting post-operatively in laparoscopic gynecological procedures.

Method:-It was a randomized controlled trial study. 250 patients undergoing elective gynecological procedures under general anesthesia were included and divided into two groups D (dextrose) and P (Placebo) by using lottery method. Each group comprised of 125 patients. Group P received 250 mlringer lactate solution (125 ml/h) and group D received 250 ml 5% dextrose ringer lactate solution (125 ml/h) over 2 hours. General anesthesia was induced with same method in both groups & no prophylactic antiemetic was given. All patient were kept in post-operative area and for pain management 30 mg intravenous ketorolac 12 hourly and inj paracetamol 1g intravenous 8 hourly was given and visual descriptive scale (VDS) scoring was used for assessment of PONV.

Result: In group D 54(43.2%) patients observed PONV and in group P 79(63.2%) observed PONV.

Conclusion: Intravenous 5% dextrose ringer lactate solution reduce the PONV in female patients undergoing for laparoscopic gynecological procedures.

Keywords: Ringer Lactate Solution, 5% Dextrose Ringer Lactate solution, PONV, General Anesthesia



Copyright © Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences 2021. All rights reserved!