Syed Muhammad Sadat Shah, Hira Shafquat Memon, Khawaja Muhammad Salik, Ghulam Muhyyud Din, Naseemullah, Kashif Kamal
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences




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Prevalence of Pediculosis Capitis in School Going Boys in Schools of North Nazimabad Town, Karachi

Syed Muhammad Sadat Shah, Hira Shafquat Memon, Khawaja Muhammad Salik, Ghulam Muhyyud Din, Naseemullah, Kashif Kamal



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ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine the prevalence of Pediculosis capitis in school going boys in schools of North Nazimabad Town, Karachi.

Study Design: Cross-sectional

Place and Duration: Study was conducted in schools of North Nazimabad Karachi for six months duration from January 2017 to June 2017.

Methodology: Total 190 school going boys of age 05-12 years, both private and government schools selected after taking valid written consent from the school authorities. Boys treated with anti-lice shampoo within last week & case of psoriasis and eczema were excluded. Mean ± SD were expressed for continuous while frequencies & percentages for categorical variables. Chi-square was used as test of significance with a P value <0.05 was taken as significant.

Results: Mean ± SD age was 8.87 ± 1.93 years. Mean ± SD number of siblings was 2.84 ± 1.24 (Range: 01 to 05). Majority of students belonged to urban area (93.68%). Student from government schools were 55.26% and private schools were 44.74%. Frequency of pediculosis capitits detection was 28.42%. Government schools were associated with higher frequency of pediculosis capitits (P values <0.05).

Conclusion: Pediculosis capitis is common in male students of schools of Karachi. Government schoolsare associated with occurrence of more head lice infestations.

Keywords: Pediculosis capitis, Head louse, Frequency, Male school students



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