The Evaluation of the recurrence and survival in patients with papillary thyroid cancer: A retrospective Study
Shokouh Taghipour Zahir, Mina Hesami, Ali Gharaeikhezri, Koorosh Rahmani, Shahin Zare, Mohammad Shafiee
Objective: Papillary thyroid carcinoma accounts for about 85% of all thyroid gland carcinomas Regarding this, we decided to find out the recurrence and survival rate in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.
Methods: At this retrospective analytical study, 126 patients who had papillary thyroid carcinoma and referred to the pathology department of Shahid Sadoughi Hospital in Yazd were selected by census method. Data were collected from patient’s pathology records by preform check lists based on variables such as age, sex, stage of the tumor, lymph node involvement. Data were analyzed by SPSS-21 using descriptive statistical methods, Kaplan-Meier curves and log rank test.
Results: The results showed that of 126 patients,26 were men and 100 women. The survival rate of patients was 99.2% and the mean recurrence time was 15±13.3 months. Also, there was a significant relationship between survival rate with the number of involved lymph nodes, metastasis and stage of the tumor. There was a significant relationship between recurrence and lymph node invasion, metastasis, tumor grade and tumor stage.
Conclusions: Can be concluded that by early diagnosis of disease, timely treatment and monitoring of patients in specified time periods and prevention Metastasis can be a major step in increasing the survival time of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma.
Key words: papillary thyroid carcinoma, recurrence, survival