M Zain Ul Abidin, Abdullah Amjad, Aruj Latif, S M Y Farooq, Iqra Ashraf, Aatiqa Imtiaz, H Arif, Omar M Ahmed
Aim: To determine the role of Computed Tomography in the detection of mediastinal masses
Methods: Study was conducted at CT machine 64 slice Toshiba Aquilian in radiology department at The University of Lahore Teaching Hospital, Lahore. Data was collected according to the age, gender, masses and the sites of masses. Total number of 60 patients comprising 41 males (68.3%) &19 females (31.7%) were detected during suitable sample procedure.
Results: Total of 60 patients were included in this research comprising 41 males (68.3%) and 19 females (31.7%). According to the result of the study of the following segments of lungs were involved, in which bilateral anterior segments were 4(6.7%), left anterior segment were 9(15%), left medial segment were 2(3.3%), left posterior segment were 6(10%), right anterior segment were 28 (46.7%), right medial segment were (3.3%), right posterior were 2(3.3%) and normal were 7(11.7%) patients with no pathologies. According to CT findings of 60 patients in which normal were 7(11.7%), benign were 31(51.7%) and malignant were 22(36.7%). On the basis of appearance of masses on CT adenocarcinoma were 9 (15%), adenomas were 13(21.7%), mediastinal carcinoma were 5(8.3%), lungs cell carcinoma were 5(8.3%), lymphadenopathy were 8(13.3%), nodular 2(3.3%), papilloma were 2(3.3%) and normal were 7(11.7%). Conclusion: Men are more prevalent for mediastinal mass than females for mediastinal masses. Computed tomography is considered a reliable technique for evaluating patients with Mediastinal masses.
Keywords: Computed Tomography, Mediastinal Mass, Carcinoma