Abdul Rauf, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Khan, Atta-Ur-Rehman Rana, Muhammad Asif Khan, Hafiz M Aeymon, Saba Rasool

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Efficacy and Safety of Holmium: Yag Laser in Comparison with Pneumatic Lithoclast for Ureteric Calculi

Abdul Rauf, Fazal-Ur-Rehman Khan, Atta-Ur-Rehman Rana, Muhammad Asif Khan, Hafiz M Aeymon, Saba Rasool



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ABSTRACT

 

Background: Ureterorenoscopy is considered the standard treatment in the management of urolithiasis with pneumatic lithotripter and holmium: YAG (Ho: YAG) laser.

Aim: To assess efficacy and safety of holmium: YAG (Ho: YAG) laser lithotripsy in comparison with pneumatic lithoclast during retrograde ureteroscopy for the management of ureteric calculi of different sizes.

Methodology: Data was collected by recruiting 100 patients of ureteric stone disease admitted in urology department Shaikh Zayed Hospital Lahore, from 25-02-16 to 15-08-16. All ureteric stone patients of both genders included in this study were in the age range of 18 to 60 years having stone size upto 1.5cm.

Results: Stone free rate in Ho: YAG laser group was 94% whereas it was 72% in pneumatic lithoclast group. The difference in the stone free rate was more marked for stones greater than 10 mm of size (80% versus 47.4%, Pā€‰=ā€‰0.07). Overall complication rate was 7.9% (Clavien II and IIIb). There was no complication found with Holmium: YAG laser. The complication rates were not dependent on the size of stone.

Conclusion: The use of the Ho: YAG laser in ureteroscopy appears to be a better tool to disintegrate ureteral calculi independent of stone size.

Key Words: Ureterorenoscopy, Urolithiasis, Holmium:YAG Laser, Ureteric Calculi



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