Bushra Maqsood, Muhammad Ahsan Masood

Previous Published Issues



585



INTRODUCTION

 

Lymphoma in CNS system is a type of Hodgkin lymphoma present in the brain, spine, CSF and eyes. In this lymphoma, cancer cells generate in lymph tissues of brain and spinal cord.  It has the best response to chemotherapy and radiotherapy1. In spite of a high chemo- and radio sensitivity, results are not good because the blood brain-barrier restricts  the approach of most medicines to the CNS2. It occurs 0.43 per 100,000 people and incidence is increased in patients with age and mostly occurs in older patients. It is more common in men than women3,4.

B cell lymphoma is mostly appearing in patients with immune compromised patients e.g. AIDS and HIV etc5. The medical prospect for immune compromised patients is not good, immune compromised patients are those not having any immunodeficiency; there may be a chance of association with EBV (Epstein Bar Virus) or other DNA viruses6.On the other side, in immune competent patients PCNSL s mostly occurs in patients with age >50 yrs. The ratio of immune competent patients has increased 10 folds with PCNSLs. The exact cause is not known, but immunodeficiency is main cause7.

Clinical features are seizures, headache, night sweats, fever or weight loss8. Other symptoms include double vision, difficulty in swallowing, hearing loss, vertigo, decline 


Copyright © Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences 2020. All rights reserved!