Aim: To determine the clinical features of newly
diagnosed diabetic patients in our community.
Methodology: This cross sectional descriptive study was
carried out at Jinnah Teaching Hospital (JTH) attached to Jinnah Medical
College (JMC), Peshawar on 100 patients. This study included type 2diabetic
(T2DM) patients which were diagnosed within last 13 months, age 25 years and
above, both genders, and Pakistani Nationals.
For each patient data on demographic features like age, gender, main
signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were collected. Random
blood sugar (RBS), and anthropometric measures like height, weight, and body
mass index (BMI) were also
recorded. Descriptive statistics were computed in SPSS
20.0. The signs and symptoms at presentation were stratified among age groups
and gender to see effect modifiers. Post-stratification Chi-square test was
applied. P-value 0.05 was
Results: Of total 100 newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes
mellitus(T2DM) patients, 54(54%) were males and 46(46%) were females. The mean
age was 40.7±10.36 years. The overall frequency of co-morbidities was 28%. The
common clinical signs and symptoms were dryness of mouth (76%), polyuria and polydipsia
(52%), acanthosis nigricans (44%), generalized body aches (28%), loss of tendon
reflexes (28%), weight loss (28%), burning feet (27%), obesity (26%), burning micturition
(24%), pruritus vulvae (24%) and blurred vision (21%).
Conclusion: Patients with dryness of mouth, polyuria,
polydipsia, polyphagia, acanthosis nigricans, generalized body aches, absent
distal tendon reflexes (grade 0/4), weight loss, burning feet, obesity, burning
micturition, pruritus vulvae and blurred vision should be screened for diabetes
mellitus to avoid complications.
Keywords: diabetes mellitus, signs, symptoms, newly