Faisal Rafiq,.M Mubarik Ali, Arshadullah Afridi, Muhammad Akhlaq, shiraz Aslam, Naima Khan

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Frequency of Age-related Hearing Loss in General Population of 60 Years and above

Faisal Rafiq,.M Mubarik Ali, Arshadullah Afridi, Muhammad Akhlaq, shiraz Aslam, Naima Khan



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ABTRACT

 

Aim: To determine the frequency of age-related hearing loss (ARHL) so that an effective strategy can be designed for rehabilitation of the elderly patients with hearing loss.

Study design: Randomized controlled trial

Place and duration of study: ENT Department, Sharif Medical City Hospital from 1st March 2019 to 31st October 2019.

Methods: Two hundred people (one hundred males and one hundred females) of age 60 to 95 years were randomly selected from outpatient department. Detailed history, complete ENT examination and relevant Audiological investigations (Pure tone Audiometry and Tympanometry) were carried out.

Results: Mean age of individuals was 75.2 years for males and 74.4 years for females. According to age groups, males had significantly poorer thresholds at 4 kHz than females. On 4 frequency average >25 dB HL of hearing impairment was 43.5% between 60 to 69 years, 52.2% between 70 to 79 years and 48.4% 80 years above years while 4FA>40 dB HL of disabling hearing impairment between 60 to 69 years, 70 to 79 years and above 80 years were 21.7%, 36.9.0% and 41.9%, respectively.

Conclusion: A significant proportion of these individuals have disabling hearing impairment (4 Frequency Average>40 dB) affecting their daily lives adversely and all of them must use some form of hearing rehabilitation.

Keywords: Presbycusis or age-related hearing impairment (ARHI), Pure tone Audiometry.



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