Comparison of Sources of Communication for childhood immunization: Evidence from PDHS 2017 – 18


  • Muhammad Bedar Bakht
  • Rubeena Zakar



Immunization, communication,


Aim: To compare the sources of media versus Lady Health Worker in communication for EPI in Pakistan

Methods: The study carried out by secondary analysis of “Pakistan demographic and Health Survey 2017-18”. It includes women who have a baby of age between twelve to twenty four months at the time of survey. The exposure is access to media / visit of LHW and outcome is immunization status of baby. T-test and chi square tests were conducted for continuous and categorical variables. To calculate association of communication variables and childhood vaccination, binary logistic regression and multiple logistic regression analysis was used.

Results: Respondents who are not seen by LHW have 28% increased probability of inadequately vaccinated babies in comparison with households visited by LHW in previous one year, even when adjusted for socio-demographic variables. The association between “access to any source of information” and inadequate immunization status of the babies remains insignificant.

Conclusion: It is concluded from our study that the women not met by Lady Health Worker have increased probability of incompletely vaccinated kids in comparison to women who are seen by Lady Health Worker during the previous year.