Longitudinal Study to Assess the Reliability and Predictive Validity of Ultrasound Measurements in Tracking Fetal Growth and Development Throughout Pregnancy


  • Sadia Naseer Qazi, Nisar Ahmed, Adil Qayyum




The utilization of ultrasound in obstetrics is extremely common due to its accurate fetal imaging capabilities. By early identifying anomalies such intrauterine growth restrictions and macrosomia, ultrasonography scanning during pregnancy primarily aims to reduce the risk of obstetric problems. Fetal weight is currently estimated using morphometric formulas. They employ fundamental biometric variables. Hadlock's formula, which is used for estimation of fetal weight, has 20 percent error rate, though. Due to this particular cause, the researchers from all around world had already searching for the additional sonographic characteristics having a stronger predictive value that correlate with fetal weight. According to recent scientific studies, assessing fetal weight can benefit from using novel parameters of sonograph such measurements of the thickness of soft tissue. The fetus's body can be measured in a number of locations, including upper arm, the thigh, abdomen, and the subscapular region. Diverse measurements have varying degrees of connection with some other anthropometric & sonographic factors, including body mass & gestational age. Numerous research using novel formulas for calculating fetal weight have been produced in response to the reports. For measuring fetal weight, measurements other than those including soft tissue, including such those lean and adipose tissue or utilising 3D ultrasonography are acquired. For the purpose of sonographic pregnancy assessment, ultrasound examination of the thicknesses of subcutaneous tissue in the several body regions might evidence to become reliable indicator of the fetal weight.

Keywords: Pregnancy, postpartum hypoglycaemia, foetus, Intra-uterine, pregnancy ultrasound