Nurturing New Life: Examining Pregnant Women’s Knowledge and Perception of Prenatal Care and Breastfeeding


  • Mohammad Mustafa Farooq Khan, Muhammad Talha Mumtaz, Muhammad Uzair, Nimra Aslam Khan, Muhammad Danyal Khalid, Maliha Aslam Khan



Background: The health of pregnant women and their newborns is critical. Prenatal care and breastfeeding are fundamental components of optimal maternal and child health. Despite the well-recognized importance of these practices, the worldwide prevalence of suboptimal antenatal care and breastfeeding remains high. The lack of awareness and knowledge among pregnant women regarding these practices is a leading cause. This study aimed to explore the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of pregnant women regarding antenatal care and breastfeeding.

Objective: to identify critical areas for intervention and highlight gaps in knowledge to offer a foundation for future research and awareness-raising.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted in Lahore from 1st of January, 2022 to 1st of March, 2022. The data was collected of pregnant women from Ghurki Trust Teaching Hospital, Lahore, For this cross Sectional survey 400 pregnant women, ranging from <20 to 40 years or above were approached.

Results: The majority of the respondents had education up to secondary level, and half had their previous baby delivered at home. The findings revealed that the majority of pregnant women had visited less than four times for prenatal checkups during the current pregnancy and expressed a willingness to come for proper prenatal checkups in their next pregnancy.

Practical Implication: In order to achieve the best possible outcomes for both the mother and the baby, it is imperative to have educational programs aimed at enhancing the knowledge around prenatal care and breastfeeding practices amongst expectant mothers.

Conclusion: Respondents were aware of the benefits of breastfeeding, but their knowledge of optimal breastfeeding practices, including colostrum feeding, was insufficient. Addressing these gaps in knowledge and practice is essential through community awareness programs, health care provider training, and support mechanisms for new mothers. Ultimately, improving maternal and child health will enhance the welfare of families and the community as a whole.

Keywords: Pregnant, Knowledge and Perception, Prenatal Care, Breastfeeding