Investigation of Published Postgraduate Theses on Individuals with Down Syndrome in the Field of Sport Sciences in Turkey


  • Yusuf Kurt, Ümit Hadi Özcan, Burhan Aykut Aslan, Abdullah Gül



Down Syndrome, Sports Sciences, Individuals with Special Needs


Background: Sports activities are one of the most important factors that play a role in the rehabilitation of individuals with special needs and their reintegration into society. Individuals with special needs can take the opportunity to protect and develop their existing abilities with the sports activities they participate in. In this context, studies on individuals with Down syndrome in the field of sports sciences gain more importance.

Aim: The aim of this research is to examine the postgraduate theses on individuals with down syndrome in the field of sports sciences in Turkey.

Methods: In the literature, review studies are generally carried out with three different methods: systematic review, traditional review and meta-analysis. This research was designed using the systematic review method. A total of 176 theses were reached as a result of the search made by scanning the keyword "Down Syndrome" between 20.03.2022 and 30.03.2022 on the database of the Turkish National Thesis Center. As a result of the first evaluation made within the framework of the inclusion criteria of the research, it was determined that 165 theses were outside the field of sports sciences and these theses were not included in the research within the scope of exclusion criteria. Within the scope of the inclusion criteria of the study, it was determined that there were 11 postgraduate theses and these theses were grouped as the theses suitable for the purpose of the research and included in the research.

Results: Physical activity, exercise and games improve motor skills of individuals with Down syndrome. The happiness and anxiety levels of parents who participate in practices such as physical activity and exercise increase. Practices such as physical activity and exercise positively affect the psychomotor, cognitive and social development of individuals with Down syndrome. Sportive performance parameters of individuals with Down syndrome vary according to characteristics such as age, height, and gender. Recreational activities in special education and rehabilitation centers positively affect the health, perception and self-behavior levels of children with Down syndrome. Therapeutic recreational activities positively affect the socialization of individuals with Down syndrome.

Conclusion: As a result, it can be said that participation physical activities can positively affect the cognitive, affective and physical levels of individuals with Down syndrome.