Determine the External or Intraluminal Antibiotics Prevent Catheter-Related Communicable Disease in Persons Receiving Hemodialysis when Comparing to No Antibiotic Treatment


  • Umar Ali, Zahid Ullah Khan, Sidra Khalid, Nisar Haider Anjum, Murtaza Jaffar, Syma Arshad



Catheter-related diseases, dialysis patients, Topical or intraluminal antibiotics.


Aim: Catheter-related diseases increase illness and mortality in dialysis patients. To determine if topical or intraluminal antibiotics prevent catheter-related bloodstream contagion in persons receiving hemodialysis when comparison to no antibiotic treatment.

Methods: Inclusion and exclusion criteria chose controlled randomized studies utilizing topical or intraluminal antibiotics for contagion control measures in individuals receiving hemodialysis using catheters.

Results: Pooled rate ratios for outcomes were estimated using fixed-effects modelling. Topical antibiotics decreased rate of bacteremia (ratio, 0.23 [96 percent confidence interval, 0.13 to 0.41]; 0.11 vs. 0.46 case of bacteremia per 120 catheter-days), exit-site contagion (ratio, 0.18 [CI, 0.09 to 0.39]; 0.07 vs. 0.42 case of infection per 120 catheter-days), catheter removal, in addition hospitalization for infectious disease. Intraluminal antibiotics decreased the risk of bacteremia and the necessity for catheter placement (Rate ratio, 0.33 [CI, 0.23 to 0.48]; 0.13 vs. 0.34 instance of bacteremia per 120 catheter-days). Intraluminal antibiotics did not lower rate of exit-site contagion appreciably, and no hospitalization statistics remained provided for some of those medicines.

Conclusion: Antibiotics, including external and intraluminal, lowered the risk of bacteremia hence necessity for catheter elimination of problems. It is uncertain if all these tactics will result in antibiotic resistance and loss of potency over time.