Early Autosomal-Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease is Related to Liver and Cyst Volumes, Hepatic Parenchyma Volume, and Patient-Reported Effects


  • Faizan Banaras, Naveed Fazal, Muhammad Farhan Nasir, Muhammad Zafar Rana, Ahmad Mumtaz Banday, Adeel Bashir




Aim: Polycystic liver infections are the most prevalent extra renal manifestation of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (PKD). People are living longer and there are more chances of spread on infections and these infections may cause different diseases but these can be improved by providing the proper knowledge among the lay men and control over these diseases can be made like better kidney survival, less death from heart disease, new treatments for kidney transplants, and more people with polycystic liver failure. There is a lack of research that completely characterizes PKD in big cohorts.  Many other researchers has also been made to observe the size of the liver and the number of cysts which are linked to the size of the hepatic parenchyma, but this study is the specific to the polycystic kidney disease and its effect over the liver with the volume of cyst. This is the only studyin the region. .

Methods: cross-sectional studies has been conducted to investigate the relationship between the initial volumes of the liver which was determined by MRI, and the patient’s demographics, the outcomes of these results also depends upon the quality of life of the patients. This research was conducted from January 2021 to June 2021 at Mayo Hospital, Lahore Pakistan. The information is gathered from the randomized, placebo-controlled trial that is currently being conducted at five tertiary-care medical facilities. In this the comparison was made between the groups of angiotensin I–converting enzyme inhibitor and an angiotensin II–receptor blocker. These findings were based on the normal situation o fthe blood [ressure. Because normal blood pressure related with the proper renal functioning. These tests were performed for 558 patients with ADPK (age, 16–50 y). Practical implication: We can easily implement these findings to PKD in hospitals and find the best treatment method according to this.

Results: The significant level of hepatomegaly was seen in number of individuals diagnosed with ADPKD. Hepatomegaly was also existed in cysts as well as parenchyma. Cysts were found more often in women, and both the liver and cyst sizes were observed to be larger in women with the increase in age. Patients whose illness had progressed significantly demonstrated a significant reduction in the situation of liver parenchyma. In this study some minor irregularities were noticed in the results of laboratory testing on the liver, and splenomegaly and hypersplenism remained related to the severity of PLD. Inferior quality of life was connected with having a larger amount of damage in the liver tissue.

Conclusion: Even in the earliest stages of ADPKD, hepatomegaly is rather prevalent, and it cannot be diagnosed properly just by the presence of cysts. Even for those who didn't have cysts, parenchymal volumes have been discovered to be substantially bigger than liver volumes in people without ADPKD or these predicted by basic tests performed in the specific laboratories. The harshness of PLD remained linked to changed biochemical also hematologic characteristics, in addition to a worse quality of life in patients.

Keywords: Hepatomegaly, Polycystic liver infections, extra-renal manifestation, autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney diseases.