Prevalence of Halitosis among Orthodontics Patients


  • Umar Nasir, Sadia Nisar Ahmad, Haris Javed, Ashfaq Ahmad, Syed Mustafa, Maryam Ijaz



Halitosis, Oral Hygiene, Awareness, Oral health status, Oral malodor


Aim: To evaluate prevalence and knowledge about halitosis among the patients visiting orthodontic department after application of Orthodontics appliances.

Study design: Cross-sectional study

Place and duration of study: Department of Orthodontics, Bacha Khan College of Dentistry, Mardan from 1st October 2020 to 30th September 2021.

Methodology: A questionnaire based study was carried out on a total of 700 orthodontic patients. Only those patients were included who had orthodontic appliances.

Results: 52.30% of the respondents were having prevalence of bad breath. Among those who had prevalence of bad breath, approximately two third (73%) were self-aware of their bad breath. 530 (75.71%) were conscious that they should appointment a dentist while majority were uninformed of the medical term for bad breath i.e. meaning of Halitosis 470 (67.15%).

Conclusion: The frequency of halitosis amongst the patients was found to be 52.30%.