Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences is an international biomedical journal from Pakistan. We publish materials of interest to the practitioners and scientists in the broad field of medicine. Articles describing original qualitative, quantitative, human/animal clinical or laboratory studies are considered for publication. All manuscripts should be comprehensible to the general reader and lead to improved decision making in clinical practice, medical education, research and policy. Types of articles include case reports, case series, descriptive and analytical research with clinical trials, short reports, special communications and letter to the editor. Clinical conference abstracts, special issues, articles regarding innovation and those related to research methods and reporting are also published. Secondary research including narrative reviews, systematic reviews, evidence based articles, meta-analysis, practice guidelines will also be considered for publication. From time to time invited articles are published. Manuscripts must be original and not under consideration by another publication.
Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences has agreed to receive and publish manuscripts in accordance with the instructions of 'International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Details of ICMJE and COPE are available at http://www.icmje.org/ and http://publicationethics.org/
ICJME Statement on Authorship
All persons designated as authors should qualify for authorship, and all those who qualify should be listed. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content. One or more authors should take responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article.
Authorship credit should be based only on:
1. Substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data.
2. Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; and
3. Final approval of the version to be published. Conditions 1, 2, and 3 must all be met.
Acquisition of funding, the collection of data, or general supervision of the research group, by themselves, do not justify authorship.
Authors should provide a description of what each contributed, and editors should publish that information. All others who contributed to the work who are not authors should be named in the acknowledgments, and what they did should be described.
Conflict of interest and funding declaration must be written by the authors at the time of submission.